An explanation of web hosting
As its name suggests, web hosting is a service, which involves hosting web content. There are various forms and kinds of web hosting, based on the aims and on the functions. Still, they all refer to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made accessible throughout the World Wide Web. A web host is in fact a server that is connected to the World Wide Web and has its own Internet Protocol address, which enables users to access it through the Web. The server's architecture and its system resources are subject to the sort of hosting solution it's going to be used for.
What are the various types of hosting?
Based on the application, the business hosting service may be:
File Storage Web Hosting - this form of web hosting permits the customers to save their files on a certain hosting server. With the traditional file web hosting solution, the files that are kept may only be accessed by the user that's utilizing the service. This hosting service generally appertains to backups of PCs , docs, personal files and even other web servers. This service may also have given limits in relation to the disk storage and the root access. There may also be web traffic quota limits, but that depends on the actual web hosting service provider.
Warez Web Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting service is very similar to the previous web hosting service form. Nonetheless, in contrast with the file hosting service, the warez hosting service is used for circulating licensed work without the permission of the copyright owner. In short - it involves the unauthorized transmission of files and docs. There are lots of ways for this to be realized, but the two principal ways are - via plain HTTP downloading and via peer-to-peer connections. The first method involves either a specific web portal, or, most commonly, just a directory on a web hosting server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thus download licensed docs free of charge. The second method entails a peer-to-peer connection, making use of the so-called Torrent servers, via which people transmit files between each other. There are not many web space hosting distributors that allow such type of hosting on their hosting servers, mainly owing to all the legal entanglements that it involves. Generally such web portals are hosted on personal dedicated hosting servers that are registered by 3rd party firms either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Mail Hosting - this service is utilized with both shared site hosting and dedicated hosting servers, based on the user's desire. If you wish to run your very own private SMTP electronic mail server, then you will require either a VPS web hosting server or a dedicated web server that offers the level of access required to complete such a procedure. For standard e-mail web hosting purposes, though, you can utilize a standard shared webspace hosting account, to which you can point the mail exchanger records of your domain. This is not a service that's widely used, since the website hosting and the e-mail hosting services are being served by 2 separate web servers, usually owned by separate companies.
Web Site Hosting - the most widely spread and widely utilized hosting service at the moment. It's utilized for hosting site files, whose type depends on the OS the server is utilizing - Linux or Windows. Different types of files need different web hosting server Operating Systems, or else they won't be shown correctly on the World Wide Web. This form of web hosting may have data space and web traffic quota limits, root-level access and central processing unit usage limits.
Based on the goals and on the objectives, the user should choose the type of web server that he requires for his work, and, of course, the web space hosting vendor that's going to supply it. There are several kinds of servers, based on the configuration and the website hosting services that they provide. These are:
Shared Website Hosting Server - a shared web hosting server supplies a smaller amount of system resources, which, of course, reflects on the cost of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small and medium size web portals, which do not require large quotas of web storage and bandwidth.
Semi-Dedicated - they perform on the same principle as the shared webspace hosting servers. However, there are much fewer clients accommodated on the same web server. Hence, each of them will enjoy a greater share of the web hosting server's resources like RAM, disk space, bandwidth and CPU. Ideal for hosting popular websites that do not demand full root privileges.
VPS - the virtual web hosting servers are ideal for middle sized sites, which do demand root access to the server's configuration files. Normally, there are a number of private virtual web server hosting accounts placed on the same machine. Yet, each of them is insulated from the others and runs its own OS.
Dedicated Servers - a completely dedicated machine set up and accessed by you and solely you. It guarantees a considerable quantity of system resources. It also offers root privileges, which makes it a perfect environment for any type of web portal that needs a web space hosting service.
The only question that's left is:
Which web hosting provider should I select?
As mentioned above, there are just a few web hosting providers providing warez hosting solutions due to judicial predicaments. Such hosting companies are being shut down virtually every month. For that reason, if you wish to start such a service, you should do it on your own computer. The shared web site hosting solution is the most famous type of web hosting service. Hence, every hosting firm provides it. Not all of them, though, offer solutions such as virtual private hosting servers, semi-dedicated hosting servers and dedicated servers. Most of the small sized web space hosting providers do not have the resources required for maintaining those services. Because of that it's always best to opt for a larger hosting company that can furnish its clients with all the solutions that they are looking for. You can effortlessly recognize such web hosting companies by the sorts of solutions that they are offering and by the manner in which they present them to the customers. For example, certain hosting companies allow you to commence with a small sized site hosting account and then upgrade to a more advanced one, if you deem it mandatory to do so. This is extremely convenient, since you do not need to move web pages between web hosting servers and there is no possibility of facing downtime due to all the predicaments that may appear. Companies such as Electro-Host provide all kinds of solutions and possess the needed hosting server resources and staff to ensure that their customers will not run into any hassles when swapping services, which is what a top hosting firm is actually all about.